British painter Frank Cadogan Cowper was born in Wicken, Northamptonshire, England on 16 October 1877. Cowper studied art at the St John's Wood Art School and the Royal Academy in London. He began exhibiting at the Royal Academy in 1899 and achieved critical acclaim in 1901 for his painting "An Aristocrat answering the Summons to Execution, Paris 1791". He is known as one of the last important artists who practiced in the style of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Cowper also worked as a book illustrator. "Vanity" is one of Cowper's most powerful paintings and was created in 1907. Cowper worked until he passed away in 1958.